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Politics and the participants in the field of equality between women and men

    Acceptance speech of our president Mila Vujić for

The state of gender equality in the EU The situation of women is misbalanced:
  • EMPLOYMENT: salaries of women is 15% lower than the average male

  • The unemployment rate for women is 15.2% higher.

  • Sharing home obligation: Although informed about the right to parental leave, 84% of Europeans in 2004. feel the same to them to not use.

  • Decision-making: only 11% of women are members of the executive bodies in the 50 largest companies, of which only 3% of the president place.

Policy in the field of equality between women and men
  • The main form of security is the equality legislation

  • Since 1975. is not adopted more than 13 directives on equal pay, equal conditions of employment, maternity and obligations of parents

  • Other measures include financial programs.

Guidelines for equality between women and men 2006-2010
  • The need for working towards the EU policy on gender equality

  • Unified approach to achieving gender equality and the definition of permanent measures against gender distinction.

European agreement on gender equality
  • The European Council adopted the European Agreement on Gender Equality March 2006

  • The aim is to encourage action on member states and communities to support guidelines for the achievement of its goals. There are three types of measure:

  • Measures of reducing sexual differences and struggle with sex stereotypes in the labor market

  • Measures to promote balance work and life of all

  • Measures building leadership through sexual mainstreaming and better monitoring.

Guidelines for equality between women and men

1. Equality of economic independence for women and men

  • Lisbon strategy of employment target in 60% of employment in 2010.

  • Eliminate differences in pay, where women earn 15% less than men, observing the total timing. Nomination multiple access.

  • Female entrepreneurship

  • Social protection and the fight against poverty

  • Gender dimension in health care

  • The fight against multiple discrimination (EU year of equality for all in 2007.) 

2. Greater alignment of business, private and family life

  • Lisbon guidelines on the life cycle approach to work

  • Flexible work contracts for women and men

  • Better balanced policy for women and men

  • Increase service on the care of children under 3 years and 33% of children in primary school 90%.

Issue consultation SP 10/06 request their views. Recognized the importance of action in the second phase, which identifies the components of the promotion.

3. Promoting equal participation of women and men in decision-making

  • Better balance in decision-making

  • Participation of women in politics

  • Participation of women in economic decision-making

  • Participation of women in science and technology full database of men and women in decision-making in order to improve the statistics and monitoring progress towards gender equality.

4. Eradication of trafficking and violence against women

5. Eliminate gender bias in society-education

6. Promoting gender equality outside the EU

Dual approach of gender equality is based on two grounds
Measures directly aimed at the support of equality
  • Integration of gender equality at all levels of the political process - to identify challenges - creating a policy - implementation - evaluation and progress
  • In order to achieve equality for women and men
  • Sexual mainstreaming-equal rights is not sufficient to attain the rights-equality policies have different views on women and men (no gender neutrality)-policy related to gender equality is a social policy, the policy concerning the whole society, not just women.
Rodni budžet
  • Implementation of the main currents in the process of budgeting structural funds 2007-2013
  • European Fund for Economic Development
  • Foundation for the European Society
  • Foundation to connect
  • 308 billion (price in relation to 2004.) Is focused on goals of metamorphosis;
Social Funds 2007 - 2013
  • Measures for improving access to employment and increase sustainable participation and progress of women in employment, to reduce the gender division in the labor market and to get closer to work and private life, to include access to care about children and alimony persons. For ESF is a separate 2.4 billion euro ie. 3.2% of the total funds for 2007-2013.
  • Measures to increase participation in education and training throughout life, included the action to prevent early school leaving, gender division specimens and increased access to and quality of primary and secondary education and training ESF.
  • Development of human potential in the field of research and innovation, particularly through post graduate studies and training researchers, and cooperation between universities and research centers and jobs; for ESF was identified 4.4 billion euros, or 5.7% of total assets.
Progress 2007-2013
  • Implementation of Agenda Social-support role of the European Union
  • 743 million for the entire period
European Institute for Gender Equality
  • Regulation adopted 12th 12. 2006.
  • Office in Vilnius
  • 2007-2013. Budget: 52.2
Structures for equality between women and men in the Commission
  • Group Chief § Inter-service group for equality between women and men
  • DG EMPL - Equality between men and women
Partnership with the member states
  • HLG main currents
  • Advisory Committee for equal opportunities between men and women
  • EU merger society representatives
Monitoring and evaluation
  • 2008 Annual work programs - to identify the results of all shares in 2008
  • Central report on the state of implementation of a RM
  • 2010-The final estimate
"Women in Business"
Guidelines for equality between women and men 2006-2010 from theory to action

Consultations and preparations for the coverage of the policy: 

  • Group Chief of Human Rights, non-discrimination and equal opportunities
  • Inter-service group for gender equality
  • Advisory Commission for equal opportunities for women and men
  • "High level" group for mainstreaming § "high level" group for the mainstreaming of structural funds
  • Advisory Committee for Women and rural areas
  • Group of Experts for gender equality for development cooperation
  • Helsinki Group on Women and Science, the European network for the promotion of female entrepreneurship
  • Group of Experts for trafficking
  • Network key points for gender equality
  • Network key points for the equality of opportunities
  • The European Commission and Social Commission
  • Social partners
  • Parliamentary Committee for Women's Rights and Equal Opportunity
  • European women's lobby
Communication Commission

The first part of
The draft guidelines through the six priority areas:

1. Achieve economic independence and the men and women

  • Reaching the Lisbon goals Employment Strategy
  • Eliminate differences in wages
  • Female entrepreneurship
  • Gender equality in social protection and the fight against poverty
  • Recognition of gender dimension in health care
  • The fight against multiple discrimination, especially against immigrants and ethnic minority women

2. Harmonization of business, private and family life

  • Flexible work contracts for women and men
  • Increase services for care of children and alimony people
  • Better balancing policy for women and men

3. Promoting equal participation of women and men in decision-making

  • Participation of women in politics
  • Women in economic decision-making
  • Women in science and technology

4. Trade and eradicate violence against women

  • Eradication of violence based on gender grounds
  • Elimination of human trafficking

5. Eliminating gender stereotypes in society

  • Eliminate sexual stereotypes in education, training and culture
  • Eliminate sexual stereotypes in the labor market
  • Eliminate sexual stereotypes in the media

6. Promoting gender equality outside the European Union

  • Enforce compliance with European Union legislation in the process of acquisition candidates and potential candidates
  • Promoting gender equality in the politics of European neighbors, foreign and development policy
Social partners

The scope of action for gender equality: UNICE, UEAPME, CEEP, ETUC.

European social partners are engaged in increasing gender equality in the labor market and in the workplace.

Adoption of activity shares 22.03.2005.

  1. Implementation of the Lisbon strategy for economic growth, more and better jobs and social connection.
  2. Implementation of activity of European legislation for equal treatment of men and women.
  3. Addressing gender division through the integration.
  4. Addressing gender equality through the actions of social partners.
  5. The introduction of gender equality in policy management greater diversity.

Economic, demographic and social challenges of today determine the external appearance of Europe requesting new perspectives in the roles of men and women as economic actors, all segments of their role in society.

The challenges are to encourage women to the existence and employment in the labor market

  • Lisbon strategy. The need for criteria for the improvement of women's participation in the labor market is an integral part of the Lisbon strategy
  • Aims to attain the employment rate, which is closer to possible 70% and to increase the number of women employees from 51% to more than 60% by 2010. (Lisbon conclusions from 2000)
  • Stimulate women to work to increase female participation
  • Highlight the importance of the need for care of children so that will provide care
  • At least 33% of children under 3 years (Conclusions from Barcelona 2002)
  • To achieve by 2010. the reduction of differences in salaries for all member states through a number of aspects
  • Women continue to be sensitive than men to unemployment and economic inactivity, especially when they have a low level of education
  • Discontinued with the usual model for employment
  • Educational choices of men and women tend to make gender stereotypes.
Actions and the continuation of
  • Promotion of this activity in the member states
  • National social partners make annual reports on the actions conducted in the member countries
  • The European Committee for social dialogue will be responsible for the preparation of a comprehensive European report
  • After four annual reports, the European social partners will evaluate the relationship of companies and workers
  • When they prepared the following work program social partners will take into account the scope Action
The opinion of the European Economic and Social Commission
Equality between women and men 2006-2010

SOC/241 – CESE 823/2006 fin SOC/241 - CESE 823/2006 fin

Personal commitment of President Barroso and for the adoption of guidelines and compliance with the importance of inclusion of all stakeholders and implementation of their priorities.


  • common priorities in the coordination of employment policy;

  • national governments, national equality between all citizens and social partners of member states that have a clear obligation to ensure that payment systems do not lead to discrimination;

  • recommendations related to women entrepreneurs and strategies you need to tend to proving women in access to bank loans and services;

  • recommendations to the national curriculum include entrepreneurship

  • measures to increase women's participation in the scientific-technical disciplines to be established that the differences in employment in technical fields such as engineering, ICT and the like.;

  • proposals for strategies that are related to gender equality in social protection and the fight against poverty; • concrete political proposals that tend to encourage single parents to develop marketing skills and facilitate their success in employment;

  •  the belief that the national strategy for health and long-term care should include integrated policies that point to the health standards of women in business;

  • calls for greater understanding, research and analysis of facts about the need for caring about others and physical and mental health of women.

  • open method of coordination should be included in the field of health care and of integrating the goals of gender equality;

  • the phenomenon of the feminization and gender equality to be fully included in the policy of the European Union and the action at every level of migration;

  • recognition of the importance of measures, including the determination of the precise targets and indicators, to provide care for children as well as the elderly people who need help;

  • recommendations for the presentation of goals and deadlines to increase the participation of women in all aspects of decision-making;

  • recommendations for the development of the European action plan to fight violence against women;

  • call for member states to ensure the implementation of measures to provide support and increase the rights of victims of trafficking in women;

  • recommendations for the development of pan-European stock based on tolerance sexual insults and degradation of image of women in the media;

  • Member States should ensure Audiovisual commercial communications and not to include discrimination based on race, sex and nationality;

  • recommendations for the presentation of the model training in media training institutions and solid mechanisms that tend to balance between equality at all levels of decision-making in the media industry;

  • in the context of the development policy of the EU, women should have access to adequate financial support for the EU, particularly through national projects developed by women's organizations;

  • calls for the European Commission for Humanitarian Aid, whose policy in the first plan put support and financial support to women who were victims of crimes;

  • the belief that the promotion of action for gender equality is of crucial importance for the success of these policies;

Looking forward

In the European parliamentary report with guidelines the Commission for Gender Equality held a hearing by the Parliamentary Committee on the topic of women's rights and gender equality.


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